March 2021 questions of introduction to politics

All of the questions posed during the oral exams of Introduction to Politics in March 2021.


22 March 2021

  • What is the difference between riot and revolution?
  • What are the characteristics of discontent in a nation with a highly legitimate government?
  • What are the most likely forms of discontent that we expect to show up in autocratic and less than legitimate political environments?
  • Parliament have the power of the purse, what does it mean?
  • What is the practice pf pork barrel?
  • What is the difference between political culture and public opinion?
  • What are the main agents of political socialisation?
  • What is the impact of social media on public opinion and political culture?
  • Define accountability
  • What are the main features of totalitarianism?
  • What are the difference between authoritarian and totalitarian regimes?
  • What are the pros and cons of federalism and centralised unitary systems?
  • What are the main advantages of single district electoral systems?
  • What did Rousseau mean by general will?
  • What is the role of social classes in the Marxist theory?
  • How does general will emerge in a society?
  • How do contemporary authoritarian regimes use modern propaganda tools?
  • How did television change political communication?
  • What is the difference between the president’s role in a presidential and a parliamentary system?
  • What’s the reason for bicameral system?
  • What about about the Italian president of the republic? What power can you identify in this figure?
  • Who has the power to dissolve the parliament in the UK?
  • What is class struggle?
  • What is the difference between socialism and social democracy?
  • What is the difference between social democratic and social parties?
  • Describe the main features of a one party, two party, dominant party, multiparty system?
  • What is the relationship between party system and electoral system?
  • What are the key ideas of feminism?
  • What does it mean the “state is the problem rather than the solution”?
  • What about the most theoretical underlying idea of feminism?
  • What is gerrymandering?
  • What is the threshold clause?
  • What is a political generation?
  • What is the gender gap?
  • What is a confidence vote?
  • What is the difference with a “no confidence”?
  • What is a minority government?
  • What is a form of state?
  • What is the difference between an absolute monarchy and a constitutional monarchy?
  • What interest/causes do interest groups in the US tend to over represent?
  • How do political parties from interest groups?
  • What is the main function of a constitution?
  • What is the function of Constitutional Courts?
  • What are the main possible problems with bureaucracy?
  • What are the main findings of the bureaucratic politics model?
  • Can you explain the presence of bimodal distribution on key political issues?
  • What is the difference between independent and dependent variable?
  • What are the effects of the decline of civic culture?
  • What is the “Protestant work ethic”?
  • What are the main differences between international and domestic law?
  • What are the main differences between common law and code law?
  • Why is the German Bundesrat similar to the US Senate?
  • What are the causes of the decline of Parliaments hypothesis?
  • What is partisan polarisation?
  • What is retrospective voting?
  • What visible effects would confirm that a genuine revolution has taken place?
  • According to Crane Briton what happens during the Thermidor stage of revolution?
  • What is the possible influence of Confucianism on political culture?
  • What are the main features of political subcultures?
  • What is an illiberal democracy?
  • What is the relationship between oil and democracy (petrostates)?
  • What are the main advantages and drawbacks of single district electoral systems?
  • What are the main advantages and drawbacks of a proportional and electoral system?
  • What is the likely correlation between demography and revolution?
  • Explain the four stages of a revolution?
  • Explain what is Constructive no Confidence in Germany
  • Explain what Cohabitation in France is
  • Make an example of class voting in Europe
  • Make an example of regional voting in Europe
  • Define party identification
  • What is a relevant party
  • What was Niccolò Machiavelli main idea?
  • What was Confucius main idea?
  • What is the origin of the term liberalism (as classic liberalism)?
  • What are the similarities between classic liberalism and modern conservatism?
  • What is the role of social classes in the Marxist theory?
  • What is a social contract?
  • What are the advantages of the incumbency (in which electoral system are they higher?)
  • Why are committees important?
  • What is framing?
  • How does the political partisanship and the ownership of the media changes political communication?
  • What is the difference between elite media and popular media?
  • What is investigative journalism?
  • What are the main variables that might influence people’s choices? pro eu or anti eu
  • What is a constituency?
  • What is a centre periphery tension? Can you make an example?
  • What does the theory of life cycle say?
  • What is the relationship between public opinion and knowledge?
  • What is salience?
  • What is a single issue group? What is the difference with other groups?
  • What is the role of trade unions? Make two examples of different political cultures
  • What is political socialisation?
  • What were the main main features of Behaviourism? Why was it important?
  • What is a normative approach to the study of politics?
  • What are the main dangers related to the excessive reliance on opinion polls by a government?
  • What is a presidential rating?
  • What is the difference between semi presidential and parliamentary systems?
  • What is the divided government in the US?
  • What was Burke’s main idea?
  • What are the main tenets of Marx’s The Capital?
  • What is the relationship between constituency and elected representatives in proportional system?
  • What phenomenon partly explains Johnson’s victory in 1964, Nixon’s victory in 1972 and Regaan’s victory in 1987?
  • What is a unimodal curve? Why is it important for democracy? How can you explain the presence of bimodal distribution on key political issues?
  • What are the main feature of an efficient bureaucracy?
  • What is the difference between a head of state and a head of government?
  • How do contemporary authoritarian regimes use propaganda tools?
  • How did television change political communication?
  • What is a model in political science? What are the main purposes of using models? What are the possible drawbacks?
  • What is a political system?
  • What does modernisation theory argue about states such as Brazil, South Korea and Taiwan?
  • What typically makes democratic governments accountable?
  • What is a normative approach to the study of politics?
  • What is the difference between political science and political theory (or normative study of politics)?
  • What was according to Lenin the origin of imperialism?
  • What was Euro-communism?
  • What were the main features of Fascism and Nazism as ideologies?
  • What is class struggle?
  • What is the relationship between rising expectations and revolution?
  • What is the likely correlation between demography and revolution?
  • What are the effects of the decline of civic culture?
  • What is the possible influence of Confucianism on political development?

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The following is a graph containing all the notes and every topic in the website