Logic and philosophy of science i

Notes from Logic and philosophy of science i classes.

Everyone of the topics below is summarized in the course's Supersummary.

Course introduction #

Introduction to Logic and Philosophy of Science I

The Scientific method #

  1. Aristotelian logic
  2. Francis Bacon
  3. Hume in Logic and Philosophy of Science I
  4. Bertrand Russel
  5. Pragmatic Justification (Hans Reichenbach)
  6. Logical Positivism
  7. Peter Frederick Strawson
  8. Karl Popper
  9. Post-Popperian interpretations
    1. Logical objections to Popper
    2. Historical objections to Popper
      1. Imre Lakatos
      2. Thomas Kuhn
    3. Methodological objections to Popper
      1. Paul Feyerabend

The scientific explanation #

  1. Introduction to Scientific explanation +++
  2. Carl Hempel (The Deductive-nomological model)
  3. Nancy Cartwright
  4. Truth of scientific laws
  5. Testing the hypotheses

Natural kinds #

Social kinds #

Exam #

  • 3 questions in 2h
  • average answer is between 500-800 words

Answering the questions #

  • questions will be actual questions, not descriptive, specific
  • planning the answers
  • decide whether what’s valuable to include or not, add enough content and background knowledge to make the argument valuable
  • the answer has to be structured and it must follow a path, consequential steps of reasoning
  • personal opinions are welcome if argumented

Evaluation criteria #

  • understanding
  • argument
  • organization
  • clarity

Examples #

Does inventing hypotheses rely on logic in science?

Is Popper’s logical criterion of falsification a convincing response to Hume’s problem of induction?


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